Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 53-60
Induced Abortion and Its Predictors Among Hawassa University Female Students
Yohannes Fikadu Geda, Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
Walelign Animut Tirfe, Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia
Molalign Mesele Gessese, Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia
Received: Mar. 2, 2020;       Accepted: Mar. 19, 2020;       Published: Oct. 27, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.iji.20200803.13      View  66      Downloads  32
Global incidence of unsafe abortion among University students is increasing; and still frequent and worrisome in Universities of Ethiopia. There are a few studies on induced abortion among university students. There for this study was aimed to determine magnitude and predictors of induced abortion among Hawassa University female students. Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 1-15, 2019 and 741 participants were selected from Hawassa University regular undergraduate female students. For entry and analysis EPidata and SPSS was used respectively. Association between dependent and independent variables were measured by adjusted odds ratio. Variables with p <0.25 on bivariate were used for multivariable analysis and p<0.05 were considered significant. Magnitude of induced abortion among Hawassa University students was 9.6%. From the respondents 68% of them age greater or equal to 20 (AOR=0.32, 95% CI: 0.14, 0.74) were less likely to have induced abortion compared to those respondents with age less than or equal to 19. Married respondents were 3.32 times (AOR=3.32, 95% CI: 1.51, 7.28) more likely to have induced abortion compared to not married respondents. From the respondents 95% of them who have heard only about short term contraceptive (AOR=1.95, 95% CI: 1.04, 3.66) were more likely to have induced abortion compared to those who have heard only about long term contraceptives. Respondents who have used methods to avoid pregnancy currently were 5.41 times (AOR=5.41, 95% CI: 2.73, 10.72) more likely to have induced abortion compared to who haven’t used any method. Induced abortion among Hawassa university female student was high compared to other studies. This study showed the independent predictors of abortion among Hawassa University students were age, marital status, type of contraceptive they know and using any method to avoid pregnancy currently.
Induced Abortion, Student, Sexual Health of Youth, University, Hawassa
To cite this article
Yohannes Fikadu Geda, Walelign Animut Tirfe, Molalign Mesele Gessese, Induced Abortion and Its Predictors Among Hawassa University Female Students, International Journal of Immunology. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 53-60. doi: 10.11648/j.iji.20200803.13
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Alemayehu B, Addissie A, Ayele W, Tiroro S, Woldeyohannes D. Magnitude and associated factors of repeat induced abortion among reproductive age group women who seeks abortion Care Services at Marie Stopes International Ethiopia Clinics in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 2019; 16 (1): 76.
Sarac M, Koc I. Increasing misreporting levels of induced abortion in Turkey: is this due to social desirability bias? Journal of biosocial science. 2019: 1-17.
Worku A, Asfaw A, Gebremariam T, Tesfaye A, Wang X. Changes in the Prevalence of Induced Abortion in the Floating Population in Major Cities of China 2007-2014. BMC women's health. 2019; 16 (18).
Ulbricht S, Beyer A, John U. Association between the use of free-of-charge intrauterine devices and a history of induced abortion: a retrospective study. BMC women's health. 2019; 19 (1): 120.
Tong Q, Luo M, Xia WT, Zhou H, Wang Y, Hu HQ, et al. Motherwort injection in preventing post-abortion hemorrhage after induced abortion: A multi-center, prospective, randomized controlled trial. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2019.
Geda YF. Determinants of teenage pregnancy in Ethiopia: A Case–control study, 2019. Current Medical Issues. 2019; 17 (4): 112.
Abraha D, Welu G. Knowledge of and Utilization of Emergency Contraceptive and Its Associated Factors among Women Seeking Induced Abortion in Public Hospitals, Eastern Tigray, Ethiopia, 2017: A Cross-Sectional Study. 2019; 2019: 7209274.
Fekadu Y. Knowledge Attitude and Utilization of Emergency Contraception among Health Science and Medical Students of Arba Minch University, 2015. J Women's Health Care. 2017; 6 (383): 2167-0420.1000383.
Pilecco FB, Guillaume A, Ravalihasy A, Desgrees du Lou A. Induced Abortion and Migration to Metropolitan Paris by Sub-Saharan African Women: The Role of Intendedness of Pregnancy. Journal of immigrant and minority health. 2019.
Pena RN, Fernandez C, Blasco-Felip M, Fraile LJ, Estany J. Genetic Markers Associated with Field PRRSV-Induced Abortion Rates. Viruses. 2019; 11 (8).
Niinimaki M, Jalanko E, Leppalahti S, Heikinheimo O, Gissler M. The Risk of Psychiatric Morbidity Following Teenage Induced Abortion and Childbirth-A Longitudinal Study From Finland. PloS one. 2019.
Cheng HC, Black K. Views and practices of induced abortion among Australian Fellows and trainees of The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists: A second study. 2019.
Coast E, Murray SF. "These things are dangerous": Understanding induced abortion trajectories in urban Zambia. Social science & medicine (1982). 2016; 153: 201-9.
Lindgren M, Faxelid E, Oguttu M, Klingberg-Allvin M, Ishoso DK. Analysis of induced abortion-related complications in women admitted to referral health facilities in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Reproductive health. 2018; 13 (8): e0203186.
Birdsey G, Crankshaw TL, Mould S, Ramklass SS. Unmet counselling need amongst women accessing an induced abortion service in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Contraception. 2016; 94 (5): 473-7.
Gebremariam H, Mannisto J, Mentula M, Bloigu A, Gissler M, Heikinheimo O. Induced abortion and future use of IVF treatment; A nationwide register study. BioMed research international. 2019; 14 (11): e0225162.
Tshefu A. K, Coppieters Y, Scott R. H, Filippi V, Moore A. M, Acharya R, et al. Setting the research agenda for induced abortion in Africa and Asia. Reproductive health. 2018; 142 (2): 241-7.
Martinez S, Morris C. N, Rafanoharana R. V, Wheeler E, Lentiro K, Gebru T. Risk factors of induced abortion among preparatory school student in Guraghe zone, Southern region, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. Sexual and reproductive health matters. 2019; 19 (1): 115.
De AK, Kumar BS. Evaluation of isosorbide-5-mononitrate as a cervical ripening agent prior to induced abortion in contrast to misoprostol- a randomized controlled trial. 2019; 62 (5): 313-21.
Brooks N, Bendavid E, Miller G. USA aid policy and induced abortion in sub-Saharan Africa: an analysis of the Mexico City Policy. The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology. 2019; 7 (8): e1046-e53.
Sully EA. Abortion in Zimbabwe: A national study of the incidence of induced abortion, unintended pregnancy and post-abortion care in 2016. Reproductive health matters. 2018; 13 (10): e0205239.
Behulu G. K, Fenta E. A, Aynalem G. L. Repeat induced abortion and associated factors among reproductive age women who seek abortion services in Debre Berhan town health institutions, Central Ethiopia, 2019. BMJ sexual & reproductive health. 2019; 12 (1): 499.
Prada E, Atuyambe L. M, Blades NM, Bukenya J. N, Orach C. G, Bankole A. Incidence of Induced Abortion in Uganda, 2013: New Estimates Since 2003. PloS one. 2016; 11 (11): e0165812.
Alexander L. T, Fuentes-Rivera E. Utilisation of second-trimester spontaneous and induced abortion services in public hospitals in Mexico, 2007-2015. 2019.
de Almeida N, Teixeira A, Capoco Sachiteque A, Molina JR, Dos Prazeres Tavares H, Ramalho C. Characterisation of induced abortion and consequences to women's health at Hospital Central do Huambo - Angola. Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology: the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2019: 1-6.
Polis CB, Mhango C, Philbin J, Chimwaza W, Chipeta E, Msusa A. Incidence of induced abortion in Malawi, 2015. PloS one. 2017; 12 (4): e0173639.
Kabiru C. W, Ushie BA, Mutua M. M, Izugbara C. O. Previous induced abortion among young women seeking abortion-related care in Kenya: a cross-sectional analysis. BMC pregnancy and childbirth. 2016; 16: 104.
Moore A. M, Gebrehiwot Y, Fetters T, Wado Y. D, Bankole A, Singh S, et al. The Estimated Incidence of Induced Abortion in Ethiopia, 2014: Changes in the Provision of Services Since 2008. Reproductive health. 2016; 42 (3): 111-20.
Biney A. A. E, Atiglo D. Y. Examining the association between motivations for induced abortion and method safety among women in Ghana. Women & health. 2017; 57 (9): 1044-60.
Rodriguez-Alvarez E, Borrell L. N, Gonzalez-Rabago Y, Martin U, Lanborena N. Induced abortion in a Southern European region: examining inequalities between native and immigrant women. International journal of public health. 2016; 61 (7): 829-36.
Kebede M. M, Bazie B. B, Abate G. B, Zeleke A. A. Knowledge of Abortion Legislation Towards Induced Abortion Among Female Preparatory School Students in Dabat District, Ethiopia. African journal of reproductive health. 2016; 20 (4): 13-21.
Riley T, Moore A. M, Crowell M, Nyandoro M. T, Madzima B, Chipato T, et al. Decision-making preceding induced abortion: a qualitative study of women's experiences in Kisumu, Kenya. Plo S one. 2018; 15 (1): 166.
Gbagbo F. Y, Amo-Adjei J, Laar A. Decision-Making for Induced Abortion in the Accra Metropolis, Ghana. African journal of reproductive health. 2015; 19 (2): 34-42.
Maina B. W, Mutua M. M, Sidze E. M. Factors associated with repeat induced abortion in Kenya. BMC public health. 2015; 15: 1048.
Directorate Rb PaI T. A brief overview of Hawassa University: http://wwwhueduet/hu/indexphp/about-hu/overviewhtml 2018.
Erena G, Kerbo A. A. Unwanted pregnancy and associated factors among female students of Madawalabu University Bale Zone, Oromia Region south east, Ethiopia. Science Journal of Public Health. 2015; 3 (1): 50-5.
Gelaye A. A, Taye K. N, Mekonen T. Magnitude and risk factors of abortion among regular female students in Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia. BMC women's health. 2014; 14: 50.
Oyefabi A. O, Nmadu A. G, Yusuf M. S. Prevalence, perceptions, consequences, and determinants of induced abortion among students of the Kaduna State University, Northwestern Nigeria. Journal of Medicine in the Tropics. 2016; 18 (2): 86.
Abera M, Ofori K. N, Opito R, Nanfuka M, Mugenyi L, Etukoit MB, et al. Unprotected Sex and Associated Factors among Adolescent Students of Rift Valley University Jimma Campus, Jimma Town, South West Ethiopia: Institution Based Cross Sectional Study. International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science. 2019; 5 (1): 1.
Gebremariam H, Lentiro K, Gebru T. Risk factors of induced abortion among preparatory school student in Guraghe zone, Southern region, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BioMed research international. 2019; 19 (1): 115.
Boah M, Bordotsiah S. Predictors of Unsafe Induced Abortion among Women in Ghana. 2019; 2019: 9253650.
Kassa S, Molla A, Cherie N. Sexual Coercion and Determinant Factors among Female Students in Wollo University, Ethiopia. 2019.
Kebede A, Molla B, Gerensea H. Assessment of risky sexual behavior and practice among Aksum University students, Shire Campus, Shire Town, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2017. BMC research notes. 2018; 11 (1): 88.
Yared A, Sahile Z, Mekuria M. Sexual and reproductive health experience, knowledge and problems among university students in Ambo, central Ethiopia. Reproductive health. 2017; 14 (1): 41.
Tamire W, Enqueselassie F. Knowledge, attitude, and practice on emergency contraceptives among female university students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development. 2007; 21 (2): 111-6.
Browse journals by subject